Kidney Disease Prevalence, USA 2016
José A. Bartolomei-Díaz, PhD
Kidney disease can affect your body’s ability to clean and filter excess water out of your blood, and control your blood pressure. When one or both of your kidneys are damaged, waste products and fluid can build up in your body. This can cause swelling in your ankles, vomiting, weakness, poor sleep, and shortness of breath. Without treatment, the damage can get worse, and your kidneys may eventually stop working. This can lead to serious problems and can even become life-threatening. (WebMd.com)
The objective of this post is to provide insight into the prevalence of kidney disease in the USA. This type of information can be useful for institutional strategies and activities such as: allocating human or economic resources, developing scientific hypotheses for continued research into the disease’s etiology or risk factors or the development of marketing strategies.
In an effort to survey many types of social, demographic, disease and behavioral outcomes in the United States and its associated territories, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) runs numerous population-based surveys. The information used to estimate kidney disease prevalence in this article came from the latest available data from a population-based survey regularly administered by the CDC known as the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS). Kidney disease prevalence is surveyed by the BRFSS using the following question: Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional ever told you that you have kidney disease?
The complete methodology used to conduct the analyses shown in this post can be found here.
The following statistical remarks highlight the most meaningful differences among a selected group of demographic variables based on a logistic regression model. We encourage you to refer to the graphs and tables here for a more in-depth look at the kidney disease prevalence in the USA.
An estimated 7,401,922 (2.96%) adults in the USA had kidney disease in 2016. When evaluating kidney disease by age group, adults in the 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, and 65+ group had a 1.74, 2.74, 3.84, 4.66, and 6.82 times more likely, respectively, to report kidney disease than the 18-24 group. This differences were significant (p-value 0.05). Among adults, females had a 2% lower likelihood of reporting having kidney disease compared to males. This difference was not significant (p-value 0.05).
In term of education level, the group high school graduate had a 9% lower likelihood of reporting having kidney disease than the reference group (those who completed only some high school). This difference was not significant (p-value 0.05). Those with an annual income of $35k-$<$50k, and 50+k had a 25%, and 38% lower likelihood, respectively of reporting kidney disease than those whose annual income was less than $14,999. This difference was significant (p-value 0.05).
Regarding marital status, those who were in the separated group had a 18% higher likelihood of reporting having kidney disease compared to those who reported being married. This difference was not significant (p-value 0.05). Adults who were in the out of work 1 year, out of work 1 year, a homemaker, retired, and unable to work group were 1.88, 1.49, 1.43, 2.09, and 4.75 times more likely, respectively, to report having kidney disease compared to those who reported being employ for wages.
Data Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey
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